FDI into the Egyptian capital of Cairo has never fully recovered from the knock it took in the Arab Spring of 2011. However, the city's tech scene is thriving.
Middle East and North Africa
Qatar hopes the lifting of the economic blockage imposed by its GCC neighbours and the forthcoming Fifa World Cup can boost FDI into Doha.
Beirut's enduring ability to attract foreign direct investors has been badly hampered by several fatal blows in 2020.
A healthy innovation ecosystem is an increasingly vital element in attracting overseas investment. Creating an innovation-friendly economy is something that Abu Dhabi has placed at the heart of its future development strategy.
Kuwait City may not aspire to emulate the glitz of regional rivals such as Dubai, but through the Vision 2035 plan it is hoping to compete when it comes to FDI attractiveness.